Each year with the incoming of monsoon, there is always an enlarged danger cloud of dengue and chikungunya over the people. And this cloud ends up disrupting a vast majority of lives and leaving the majority of them on a death bed. These dangerous and contagious viral diseases are a result of malicious transmittal by mosquito named Aedes. While most of the symptoms that are detectable and are associated with these two illnesses are alike, but there exist some basic and important differences.
Following are listed some of the significant facts to be kept in mind related to the symptoms of chikungunya and dengue, followed by the preventive and useful steps that can lead to successful avoidance and preclusion from the infections.
SYMPTOMS related to DENGUE
As per the guidelines issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the chief visible indicator of dengue is a high and prolonged fever that can occur with a minimum of two of the following stated symptoms:
Extreme pain in the joint muscle and bones, severe headache with accompanied eye pain, minute spots over the skin caused by internal bleeding inside the skin itself, irregular rashes, bleeding from the nose or maybe even from the gums and also a very low count of white blood cells.
The CDC has strictly recommended that immediate medical assistance should be taken if any one of the below-mentioned warning signs become noticeable as the fever drops 3 to 7 days after the first most symptoms appear. The warning signs are as follows:
Repeated and irregular vomiting, nasal bleeding, severe pain in the abdominal area, red spots or small patches appearing on the skin or skin color changing to pale and clammy, drowsiness, bleeding from gums, vomiting contained with blood, stool that appears black and tarry, irritability in behavior, trouble in breathing.
In some rare cases, dengue could also result in entailing plasma leakage that can further cause extreme shocks, hemorrhage which is basically a type of internal bleeding and may also lead to organ impairment. During this phase, the disease is possibly fatal.
Chikungunya appears virtually as dengue only, that have some visible symptoms such as high and uncontrollable fever, severe pain in the joints, sometimes leading to joint swellings, pain in muscles throughout the body, headaches and irritable rashes over the skin. It is mostly non-fatal.
1) Have an ample amount of satisfactory rest and the intake of fluids should be regular to avoid any sort of dehydration if the disease is prolonged.
2) Get yourself medically tested immediately if any of the above-mentioned symptoms appears to be manifesting. If you happen to have a high-grade fever for more than 24 hours, you must rush to see a doctor as soon as possible.
3) Amid use of mosquito nets and usage of long sleeves on arms and pants should be undertaken to avoid being bitten by any sort of insect especially mosquito.
4) Put regular efforts to keep the surroundings neat and clean and the disposal of generated waste should be done regularly.
1) Note that the Aedes mosquitoes that are the prime cause of transmitting both dengue and chikungunya always breed in clean water. So never leave any water in your containers, coolers or flower pots that are generally exposed to the fresh air. Don’t allow stagnation of water anywhere near your vicinity.
2) If you are opting for a mosquito repellent, never use them or allow for children below the age of two months or so. For kids older than 2 months in age, insect repellents with a concentration of just 10% DEET can be used.
3) Do read instructions carefully before using any repellents, especially those affecting infants and breastfeeding mothers.
4) Mosquitoes are mostly attracted towards the extreme dark colors. Hence, avoid wearing of very dark-colored attire.