Obesity linked to various types of cancer
Overweight and obesity are the prime issues in most of the adults and even in some children. Many people leave it carelessly, unaware of the harmful effects that it can cause to their health. Obesity can produce growth factors and hormones which can affect the way our cells work. As a result, inviting several diseases including cancer.
Obesity linked Cancers
The fact that obesity can lead to cancer remains true. Earlier it was linked only to five types of cancer, but now the World Health Organization (WHO) has linked obesity to eight more cancers. As a result, obesity is now linked to a total of thirteen types of cancer. The cancers linked to obesity are
- Breast cancer
- Womb cancer
- Bowel cancer
- Kidney cancer
- Oesophageal ovarian cancer
- Stomach cancer
- Liver cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Gallbladder cancer
- Thyroid cancer
- Myeloma, the bone marrow cancer
- Meningioma, a type of brain tumour
How is Obesity linked to cancers?
There are various studies that have explored the link between obesity and cancer and how obesity can cause cancers. The reasons for obesity to cause cancer is as follows.
- The increased level in Insulin Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin help some cancers to develop.
- Obese people have chronic and low-level inflammation, which is linked to increased risk of cancer.
- The fat tissues can generate high amounts of estrogen, which can lead to the growth of some of the cancers such as breast cancer.
- The fat cells may also affect the cancer cell growth process.
The change of weight throughout your life may also increase the risk of cancer. According to some studies, the following factors might increase the cancer risk
- Gaining weight during your adult age.
- High birth rate.
- Repeatedly losing and gaining body weight.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and healthy weight is the best way to reduce the risk of cancer.
Measuring Weight Gain
Body Mass Index (BMI) is the standard factor to measure obesity. It is the ratio of a person’s weight, height, and waist. People with BMI value between 18.5 and 24.9 is considered as normal. When the BMI value lies between 25 and 29.5, it is considered as overweight. The people with BMI value equal to or above 30 fall under the category of obese. The normal waist measurement for men lies within 40 and for women lies within 35. People with greater waist measurements are prone to have more diseases.
Steps to lose weights
- Consume fruits, vegetables, whole grain and lean protein in high quantity. These foods must be the priority for the diet. Foods such as broth-based soups fill a person’s stomach faster.
- Avoid high sugar content foods and drinks.
- Perform physical exercise for at least half an hour to one hour every Intense workouts show good results.
- Drink and eat only the amount of calories that are needed for your body.